Tabakschuppen

Herxheim bei Landau

Verein Südliche Weinstrasse Herxheim e.V.


Verein Südliche Weinstrasse Herxheim e.V.
Obere Hauptstr. 2
76863 Herxheim bei Landau

Phone : (0049) 7276 501107
Fax : (0049) 7276 501250
https://herxheim.suedlicheweinstrasse.de/
verein-suew@herxheim.de


Description

Pfälzer tobacco was and is produced according to strict quality guidelines. The young plants are cultivated from March onwards in cold frames, the planting of the seedlings, which are approx. 10-12 cm in size, takes place after the last night frosts in May. Until July, the plants grow to heights of up to 2 m and are surrounded by a lovely pink wreath of flowers at their tips. The harvest usually begins in July and lasts until September. Harvesting by hand is done leaf by leaf from bottom to top in 3 steps. Immediately after harvesting, the leaves are "banded" by means of a sewing-in machine, i.e. approx. 1.5 m long leaf bands prepared for hanging. In the tobacco sheds, today more often in drying ovens, the tobacco leaves can dry. Various mechanisms for opening and closing the wooden lamellas allow an optimal air supply during the drying process. Air-dried tobaccos are generally more aromatic, stronger and less sweet than hot-air-dried tobaccos. They are therefore used in the cigar and pipe tobacco industry. The assessment of the degree of maturity requires a high level of expertise. Factors such as colour, smoulder, nicotine and nitrate content are essentially determined by the time of harvest. Today, the tobacco drying sheds are no longer in operation in their original function. However, they are picturesque testimonies of a past agricultural culture and contribute significantly to the appearance of our villages through their architectural charm.