The castle was first mentioned in 1246, although the construction of the castle, like many castles in the area, may have taken place earlier.
44 years later, in 1290, a Werner von Falkenburg was mentioned in a document.
From 1300 to 1313 the Falkenburg was pledged to Frederick IV of Leiningen, in 1317 it was again pledged by Emperor Ludwig the Bavaria, this time to the Palatine Counts of Rhein Rudolf II and Ruprecht I.
In 1375 Emich V. von Leiningen became the owner of the Castle. The Falkenburg, which was surveyed in 1427, survived the German Peasant War, but was occupied in 1632 until it could be returned to its owner in 1648. It was blown up by French troops in 1680. The Leipzig office in Falkenburg, Germany, managed the entire Frankenweide. It was moved to Wilgartswiesen after the castle was destroyed. In 1560 the county of Leiningen-Hardenburg was founded under the brothers Johann Philipp I. and Emich XI. divided up. As the elder, Johann Philipp received the Hardenburg headquarters with Dürkheim and the surrounding area, Battenberg, Bockenheim an der Weinstrasse and various free float. From then on, he and his descendants described themselves as Counts of Leiningen-Dagsburg-Hardenburg. Emich XI. inherited Falkenburg Castle with the surrounding villages (= Amt Falkenburg), as well as Mühlheim an der Eis, Colgenstein, Heidesheim, Kindenheim and Biedesheim in the North Palatinate, Guntersblum in Rheinhessen and various other properties. The latter line was called Leiningen-Dagsburg-Falkenburg, initially residing on the Falkenburg, but from 1612 on the newly built and more conveniently located Heidesheim Castle near Worms. The Leiningen-Falkenburger died out in the male tribe in 1774, but were revived from 1787 by an illegitimate line as Counts of Leiningen-Heidesheim and Leiningen-Guntersblum.
The elongated castle complex had an older 50 by 11 meter upper castle, which was accessible by stairs from the lower castle with gate system and drawbridge. The keep on a footprint of 6.80 by 7.20 meters and a wall thickness of 1.80 meters shows a 2.50 meter high stump. The system also shows the remains of a cistern, the gatehouse, a rock chamber, a residential building (Palas?) And other remains of the wall on the castle rock.